Calendar of main occasions anticipated in South Africa in 2021 – together with elections, load shedding, and strikes

French worldwide banking group BNP Paribas has revealed a analysis notice analysing South Africa’s outlook for 2021 and the main occasions to look out for.

Following a report droop in progress and exercise in 2020, the group stated that it expects the important thing focus in 2021 to be on the power and sustainability of South Africa’s restoration. Nevertheless, it doesn’t count on this to be a bumper yr for the nation.

“We’ve lengthy held the view that South Africa’s restoration in 2021 would disappoint most expectations.

“Basic to our considering is that lots of the structural weaknesses that pushed the financial system into recession earlier than the pandemic, specifically lack of steady electrical energy provide, will scupper the tempo of restoration.

“A profitable vaccine rollout to the broad inhabitants already appears to be hitting some snags similtaneously the nation faces a extreme second wave and a brand new pressure of infections, risking a return to stricter lockdown laws in Q1”.

Under the group offered a calendar of the occasions that South Africans ought to keep watch over.

One other arduous lockdown

The nation re-entered a ‘stage 3’ lockdown from 29 December, and as broadly anticipated, this was prolonged in an replace given on 11 January.

To maintain the financial system as open as attainable, this stage 3 is a watered-down model of that launched in March, BNP Paribas stated.

Nevertheless, laws once more ban the sale and public consumption of alcohol, and are stricter when it comes to a curfew (21h00 – 05h00) and worldwide journey restrictions. “So exercise appears to be getting off to a slightly poor begin this yr.”

“Our base-case forecasts don’t assume {that a} arduous lockdown’ shall be carried out as a result of we expect that financial issues shall be given extra weight than within the preliminary wave.

“Ought to infections be seen to be spiralling uncontrolled, nonetheless, we can’t rule out more durable laws with a higher financial influence.” it stated.

Load shedding

BNP Paribas stated that the biggest fiscal drag on South Africa’s financial system will seemingly come from one other yr of unstable electrical energy provide, with load shedding seen as one of many key causes for a tepid rebound.

Regardless of collapsing home demand and drastically curtailed supply-side exercise, Eskom carried out report load shedding in 2020, with greater than 1,600GWh of energy technology taken offline.

Vitality provide estimates from the CSIR recommend that the provision hole might be greater than 60% bigger this yr.

“Giant swathes of load shedding, subsequently, appear unavoidable this yr, within the absence of marked enchancment in Eskom’s vitality availability issue, which fell to simply 55% within the early weeks of January,” BNP Paribas stated.

Price adjustments

The analysts consider that the South African Reserve Financial institution will largely preserve the coverage charges at 3.5% for everything of 2021, with little purpose to start normalising them once more this yr.

“We predict that the SARB will choose to maintain its foot regular on the lodging pedal, although we don’t rule out the potential for added modest rates of interest cuts early this yr, notably if a extra extreme second wave brings with it renewed prolonged arduous lockdown measures. ”

Strike motion

BNP Paribas says that the federal government’s public sector wage deal is prone to stay a significant level of competition in 2021, and will result in additional strike motion.

“We see an excellent probability of widespread strike motion as early as February, presumably tempered by Covid-19 restrictions and present excessive ranges of unemployment,” it stated.

The deal might additionally influence the tripartite alliance between the ANC, Cosatu and the South African Communist Get together.

BNP Paribas stated that commerce federation Cosatu has misplaced a lot of members in recent times, nonetheless, it stated that the wage deal is prone to dominate the agenda.


BNP Paribas stated that the ANC has traditionally carried out worse within the native authorities elections than within the nationwide elections – and its efficiency in native elections has been declining.

Nevertheless, it’s cautious about predicting this as a seamless pattern in 2021 – primarily due to the continuing turmoil within the Democratic Alliance, but in addition as a result of obvious reputation of president Cyril ramaphosa.

The group additionally expects little financial or political innovation from the Financial Freedom Fighters.

“We predict the ANC would possibly see this yr’s elections as an opportunity to get better or solidify its place, particularly in politically and economically essential metropolitan municipalities.

“In areas the place the ANC can’t obtain a majority within the native elections, we expect the ANC would possibly be capable of govern in alliance with smaller events.”

Learn: Knowledge reveals quieter roads in South Africa’s cities

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