The crash of a aircraft in Indonesia carrying greater than 60 folks comes at a tough time for the aviation big Boeing, which has seen its popularity battered by years of investigations over lethal crashes.
Whereas the authorities are nonetheless in search of the trigger, the aircraft that crashed on Saturday close to Jakarta, the Indonesian capital, was a 26-year-old 737-500, a workhorse mannequin with a great security report. The aircraft at middle of the Boeing disaster was the 737 Max, a later model with defective antistall software program that led to 2 lethal crashes.
Here’s what to know concerning the Boeing aircraft within the Indonesia crash.
Which triggered the Boeing aircraft crash in Indonesia?
It’s unclear what triggered the crash. Sriwijaya Air Flight 182, which was touring to town of Pontianak on the island of Borneo, took off amid a heavy monsoon season rain, following a foul climate delay. It plunged greater than 10,000 ft in lower than a minute, in keeping with the monitoring web site Flightradar24.
Indonesia, an archipelago nation of hundreds of islands, is closely depending on air journey, and has a protracted historical past of aviation accidents. The aircraft that crashed on Saturday was operated by Sriwijaya Air, which had not had a single deadly crash because it started operations in 2003.
The Boeing aircraft that misplaced contact Saturday shortly after takeoff from Jakarta was a Boeing 737-500, a confirmed mannequin developed within the Nineteen Eighties, and never the troubled 737 Max airliner, which was grounded after lethal crashes in 2018 and 2019.
How is the 737-500 totally different from the 737 Max?
The aircraft concerned within the crash on Saturday is an earlier mannequin of the 737, and it had been in operation for 26 years. It was beforehand flown by Continental Airways and United Airways earlier than it was delivered to Sriwijaya Air in 2012, in keeping with the Airfleets on-line database.
The 737-500 doesn’t share the identical antistall system because the 737 Max, which was triggered within the 2018 crash of one other Indonesian flight, Lion Air Flight 610, killing all 189 folks aboard. The identical system was blamed within the crash of a 737 Max in Ethiopia in March 2019, which killed 157.
These crashes pressured the grounding of the Max fleet worldwide and a disaster for Boeing. The corporate fired its chief government and mentioned final 12 months the Max grounding would price it greater than $18 billion, a pointy blow even earlier than the coronavirus pandemic pummeled the trade.
Final week, the corporate mentioned it had agreed to pay $2.5 billion, together with $500 million for a victims fund, to resolve a prison conspiracy cost to defraud the Federal Aviation Administration over analysis of the 737 Max.
The troubled 737 Max resumed flying final month, with American Airways Flight 718 making the primary business flight of the aircraft after the F.A.A. lifted its grounding order in November. Earlier than they’re permitted to fly once more, every 737 Max plane will need to have its wiring and software program modified.
What’s the historical past of the Boeing 737-500?
The 737-500 was launched with the acquisition of 20 planes in 1987 by Southwest Airways. The airline used the mannequin, with a capability of 122, to extra effectively deal with longer routes with a smaller variety of passengers, Southwest’s company historian, Richard West, wrote in 2016. That want dropped as its long-haul journey enterprise elevated, and Southwest’s final 737-500 flew in September 2016.
Traditionally, the 737-500 has been a secure aircraft to fly. The collection it belongs to, which incorporates the 737-300 and 737-400, has had 19 deadly accidents over greater than three a long time in operation, or about one deadly accident for each 4 million departures, in keeping with a 2019 Boeing report.
4 earlier deadly accidents have been recorded within the 737-500, together with crashes in South Korea in 1993, Tunisia in 2002 and in Russia in 2008 and 2013, in keeping with the Aviation Security Community.
What airways fly it?
Boeing manufactured 389 of the 737-500 earlier than the mannequin was discontinued. As many as 100 stay in use by smaller airways world wide in nations together with Afghanistan, Iran, Nigeria, Russia and Ukraine, in keeping with the monitoring web site Planespotters.internet.